Neuroimaging Techniques for Neuroplasticity Quantification in Stroke Patients

Authors

  • Martín Emiliano Rodríguez-García Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – Unidad Iztapalapa, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8454-6769
  • Norma Marín-Arriaga Servicio de Resonancia Magnética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México
  • Silvia Gabriela Macías-Arriaga Servicio de Resonancia Magnética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México https://orcid.org/0009-0001-3412-5982
  • Bernardo Salazar-Cárdenas Servicio de Resonancia Magnética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México
  • Tania Ramírez-Rodríguez Servicio de Resonancia Magnética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México https://orcid.org/0009-0006-4901-0164
  • Víctor Hugo Aparicio-Jiménez Servicio de Resonancia Magnética, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México https://orcid.org/0009-0008-0118-0046
  • Raquel Valdés-Cristerna Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana – Unidad Iztapalapa, México https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0173-1759
  • Jessica Cantillo-Negrete División de Investigación en Neurociencias Clínica, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación “Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra”, México

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17488/RMIB.44.2.5

Keywords:

diffusion tensor imaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, neuroimaging, neuroplasticity, stroke

Abstract

Neuroimaging techniques provide relevant information of the functional and anatomical status of the human brain. This information is of particular importance when a pathology, like stroke, produces a brain injury. In stroke patients, it has been determined that neuroplasticity is the primary recovery mechanism of the lost motor function. Due to worldwide high prevalence, especially in developing countries, it is necessary to continue the research of the recovery mechanisms involved in this pathology. To this end, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are two of the most used neuroimaging techniques. In stroke patients, fMRI allows the analysis of the neural activity produced by the execution of motor tasks, whereas DTI provides structural information of the brain anatomy. In this narrative review, multiple studies that employ these neuroimaging techniques for quantification of neuroplasticity changes in stroke patients after undergoing a neurorehabilitation program are presented. Better understanding of these neuroplasticity changes would allow researchers to design and provide more beneficial rehabilitation schemes to stroke patients.

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Published

2023-08-31

How to Cite

Rodríguez-García, M. E., Marín-Arriaga, N., Macías-Arriaga, S. G., Salazar-Cárdenas, B., Ramírez-Rodríguez, T., Aparicio-Jiménez, V. H., Valdés-Cristerna, R., & Cantillo-Negrete, J. (2023). Neuroimaging Techniques for Neuroplasticity Quantification in Stroke Patients. Revista Mexicana De Ingenieria Biomedica, 44(2), 52–73. https://doi.org/10.17488/RMIB.44.2.5

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