Hydroxyapatite and Biopolymer Composites with Promising Biomedical Applications

  • Juanita Daria Flores Valdez Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila
  • Aidé Sáenz Galindo Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila
  • Claudia Magdalena López Badillo Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila
  • Adali Oliva Castañeda Facio Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila
  • Pablo Acuña Vazquez Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada
Keywords: Composites, Hydroxyapatite, Biopolymers

Abstract

The purpose of tissue engineering (regenerative medicine) is to develop materials that replace human tissue, having as main characteristics' biodegradability, biocompatibility, no toxicity, osteoconductivity, which lead to cell maturation and proliferation. Due to the importance of the development of this type of materials, several researchers have used biopolymers and calcium phosphate salts (hydroxyapatite) as composites to be used in this area as drug releases, scaffolds, implants, among others. Different biopolymers can be suitable for this type of application, in this work we have described the most widely used biopolymers for biomedical purposes, such as alginate, collagen, gellan gum, chitosan, and polylactic acid, in addition to a detailed description of hydroxyapatite, biopolymers, as well as biopolymer/hydroxyapatite composites, to highlight their potential and the most relevant characteristics of these materials.

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References

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Published
2022-05-25
How to Cite
Flores Valdez, J. D., Sáenz Galindo, A., López Badillo, C. M., Castañeda Facio, A. O., & Acuña Vazquez, P. (2022). Hydroxyapatite and Biopolymer Composites with Promising Biomedical Applications. Mexican Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 43(2), 6-23. Retrieved from http://rmib.mx/index.php/rmib/article/view/1245
Section
Review Article